Cmit 321 final exam | Computer Science homework help
Question 1 1 / 1 point
__________ is the exploitation of an organization’s telephone, dial, and private branch exchange (PBX) system to infiltrate the internal network in order to abuse computing resources.
Question 2 1 / 1 point
__________ cryptography is the most common method on the Internet for authenticating a message sender or encrypting a message.
Question 3 1 / 1 point
__________ is a lightweight Knoppix version cut to 50 MB for a business-card-sized CD.
Damn Small Linux
Question 4 1 / 1 point
The __________ utility tests the integrity of an ODBC data source.
Question 5 1 / 1 point
In the TCP/IP stack, the __________ layer is where applications and protocols, such as HTTP and Telnet, operate.
Question 6 1 / 1 point
Attackers can use a simple test to find out if an application is vulnerable to an OLE DB error. They can fill in the username and password fields with __________.
a pound sign
a single quotation mark
Question 7 1 / 1 point
__________ allow attackers to pass malicious code to different systems via a web application.
SQL injection attacks
Authentication hijacking attacks
Command injection flaws
Question 8 1 / 1 point
A __________ is a trusted entity that signs certificates and can vouch for the identity of the user and the user’s public key.
Question 9 1 / 1 point
Null sessions require access to TCP port __________.
Question 10 1 / 1 point
__________ is a command-line utility provided by Microsoft with SQL Server 2000 (and Microsoft SQL Server 2000 Desktop Engine) that allows users to issue queries to the server.
Question 11 1 / 1 point
The __________ file is used to determine which TTY devices the root user is allowed to log in to.
Question 12 1 / 1 point
__________ can monitor a Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) server regularly after connecting to it.
Question 13 1 / 1 point
__________ is a method of gaining access to sensitive data in a Bluetooth-enabled device.
Question 14 1 / 1 point
__________ is a simple form of attack aimed directly at the application’s business logic.
Question 15 1 / 1 point
Once the Oracle database server has been traced, the first port of call is made to the __________ listener.
Question 16 1 / 1 point
__________ is a common and easy form of SQL injection. The technique involves evading the logon forms.
Question 17 1 / 1 point
__________ gathering is the process of accumulating information from resources like the Internet that can later be analyzed as business intelligence.
Question 18 1 / 1 point
__________, formerly called AppTapp, is a tool for jailbreaking and installing nonsanctioned third-party applications on the iPhone.
Question 19 1 / 1 point
Firefox 22.214.171.124 cannot correctly interpret single quotation marks and spaces during authentication. This is called the __________ value of an authentication header.
Question 20 1 / 1 point
Private data stored by Firefox can be quickly deleted by selecting __________ in the Tools menu.
Clear Private Data
Delete Private Data
Question 21 1 / 1 point
A(n) __________ is a custom command in Linux that is a substitute for a formal command string.
Question 22 1 / 1 point
A __________ is a device that cannot function in any capacity.
Question 23 0 / 1 point
__________ involves plotting the tables in the database.
Question 24 1 / 1 point
A __________ is a device that receives digital signals and converts them into analog signals, and vice versa.
Question 25 1 / 1 point
Which of the following types of tools would be most effective in cracking UNIX passwords?
John the Ripper
Question 26 1 / 1 point
SQL Server, like other databases, delimits queries with a __________.
Question 27 1 / 1 point
__________ is a unique 15- or 17-digit code used to identify a mobile station to a GSM network.
Question 28 1 / 1 point
Which of the following password attacks is conducted using nontechnical means?
Question 29 1 / 1 point
In __________-level hijacking, the attacker obtains the session IDs to get control of an existing session or to create a new, unauthorized session.
Question 30 1 / 1 point
Which of the tools listed below can be used to execute code on remote Windows systems?
Question 31 1 / 1 point
Kaspersky is used as __________.
a hacking tool against PDAs
a hacking tool against IPHONEs
a hacking tool against IPODs
an antivirus for Windows Mobile
Question 32 1 / 1 point
__________ viruses search all drives and connected network shares to locate files with an EXE or SCR extension.
Question 33 1 / 1 point
What is the difference between online and offline password attacks?
Online attacks are conducted against people using the Internet, and offline attacks are conducted against people on private networks.
Online attacks target passwords or their representations as they traverse a network, and offline attacks focus on stored passwords.
Online attacks are used to gain access to systems, and offline attacks are used to knock systems off the network.
Offline attacks target passwords or their representations as they traverse a network, and online attacks focus on stored passwords.
Question 34 0 / 1 point
__________ synchronizes the information between a Palm device and a desktop PC.
Question 35 1 / 1 point
__________ is a type of computer architecture in which multiple processors share the same memory and are each assigned different tasks to perform.
Question 36 1 / 1 point
__________ hackers are information security professionals who specialize in evaluating, and defending against, threats from attackers.
Question 37 1 / 1 point
An __________ share is a hidden share that allows communication between two processes on the same system.
Question 38 1 / 1 point
The __________ method appends data in the URL field.
Question 39 1 / 1 point
__________ is a lightweight substitute for telnet that enables the execution of processes on other systems, eliminating the need for manual installation of client software.
Alchemy Remote Executor
Emsa FlexInfo Pro
Question 40 1 / 1 point
__________ is a back-end GPL tool that works directly with any RFID ISO-reader to make the content stored on the RFID tags accessible.
Question 41 1 / 1 point
__________ is a parallelized login cracker that supports numerous protocols for attack.
John the Ripper
Question 42 1 / 1 point
IT __________ are designed to evaluate an organization’s security policies and procedures.
Question 43 1 / 1 point
__________ is the act of gathering information about the security profile of a computer system or organization, undertaken in a methodological manner.
Passive information gathering
Competitive intelligence gathering
Question 44 1 / 1 point
__________ is a command-line interface for Microsoft SQL Server that allows an attacker to execute commands on the underlying operating system, execute SQL queries, and upload files to a remote server.
Question 45 1 / 1 point
__________ occurs when hackers break into government or corporate computer systems as an act of protest.
Question 46 1 / 1 point
Mac OS X includes __________, a collection of frameworks, APIs, and accompanying runtimes that allows for a host of open-source web, database, scripting, and development technologies.
Question 47 1 / 1 point
__________ is usually employed when the attacker discerns that there is a low probability that these reconnaissance activities will be detected.
Direct information gathering
Question 48 1 / 1 point
__________ is a programming language that permits website designers to run applications on the user’s computer.
Question 49 1 / 1 point
_________ hijacking is a hacking technique that uses spoofed packets to take over a connection between a victim and a target machine.
Question 50 1 / 1 point
In order for traffic to get back to the attacker during session hijacking, a process called __________ is used that allows the sender to specify a particular route for the IP packet to take to the destination.
Question 51 1 / 1 point
__________ is a worm for Windows XP that downloads and executes malicious files on the compromised computer and spreads through removable storage devices.
Question 52 1 / 1 point
The Java-based __________ worm spreads through Bluetooth and affects unprotected Mac OS X 10.4 systems.
Question 53 1 / 1 point
__________ is a virus targeted against mobile personal digital assistant devices.
Question 54 1 / 1 point
The __________ stores confidential information that is accessible only from inside the organization.
Question 55 1 / 1 point
__________ is the unauthorized alteration of routing tables.
Routing table spoofing
Routing table poisoning
Question 56 1 / 1 point
__________ automatically scans a computer, looking for cookies created by Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Netscape Navigator, and then displays the data stored in each one.
Question 57 1 / 1 point
__________ is a tool that administrators can use to test the reliability of their critical systems and determine what actions they must take to fix any problems.
Question 58 1 / 1 point
The __________ script allows a remote user to view the code of server-side scripts.
Question 59 1 / 1 point
__________ is a method in which a sniffer is used to track down a conversation between two users.
A man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack
Question 60 1 / 1 point
__________ is a small utility that lists all USB devices currently connected to a computer, as well as all previously used USB devices.
Question 61 1 / 1 point
After gaining access, what is the attacker’s next goal?
Cover their tracks.
Start denial-of-service attacks.
Find ways to maintain access.
None of the above.
Question 62 1 / 1 point
__________ is an HTTP authentication brute-force program. It attempts to guess passwords for basic HTTP authentication by logging in to a web server.
Cain & Abel
Question 63 1 / 1 point
__________ record the parts of the website visited and can contain identifying information.
Question 64 1 / 1 point
Web applications have a three-layered architecture consisting of presentation, logic, and __________.
Question 65 1 / 1 point
__________ is a Linux security feature that enables a user to choose the directory that an application can access.
Question 66 1 / 1 point
There are several aspects to security, and the owner of a system should have confidence that the system will behave according to its specifications. This is called __________.
Question 67 1 / 1 point
The __________ command displays the ARP table and is used to modify it.
Question 68 0 / 1 point
__________ detects and monitors Bluetooth devices in a wireless network. It provides information about the features of each device and the services provided by it.
Bluetooth Network Scanner
BlueFire Mobile Security
Question 69 1 / 1 point
Which of the following statements best describes a penetration test?
A penetration test is using a password cracker to gain access to a system.
A penetration test is an attempt to simulate methods used by attackers to gain unauthorized access to a computer system.
A penetration test is the act of hacking computer systems; it is used by criminals to attack legitimate organizations.
A penetration test is an audit of an organization’s security policies and procedures.
Question 70 1 / 1 point
Which website can an ethical hacker visit to see web pages from 2002?
Question 71 1 / 1 point
__________ provides a complete view for monitoring and analyzing activity within USB host controllers, USB hubs, and USB devices.
USB PC Lock
Advanced USB Monitor
Virus Chaser USB
Question 72 1 / 1 point
The __________ is due to a canonicalization error in IIS 4.0 and 5.0 that allows an attacker to use malformed URLs to access files and folders located on the logical drive that includes web folders.
Unicode directory traversal vulnerability
Msw3prt IPP vulnerability
Question 73 1 / 1 point
A __________ attack adds numbers or symbols to a dictionary file’s contents to crack a password successfully.
Question 74 1 / 1 point
Only __________ scan is valid while scanning a Windows system.
Question 75 1 / 1 point
Ethical hackers use their knowledge and skills to __________.
learn the details of computer systems and enhance their capabilities
attack government and commercial businesses
develop new programs or reverse-engineer existing software to make it more efficient
defend networks from malicious attackers
Question 76 1 / 1 point
Tripwire protects against Trojan horse attacks by __________.
blocking the port that the Trojan program is listening on
removing any Trojan horse programs found on the system
detecting unexpected changes to a system utility file that may indicate it had been replaced by a Trojan horse
quarantining any Trojan horse programs discovered on the system
Question 77 1 / 1 point
The ISAPI extension responsible for IPP is __________.
Question 78 1 / 1 point
__________ is a protocol used to create, modify, and terminate sessions such as VOIP.
Question 79 1 / 1 point
A(n) __________ is a specific way to breach the security of an IT system through a vulnerability.
Question 80 1 / 1 point
__________ is a portable, battery-powered device that mediates interactions between RFID readers and RFID tags.
RSA blocker tag
Question 81 1 / 1 point
Which of the statements below correctly describes a dictionary attack against passwords?
It is an attack that tries every combination of characters until a correct password is identified.
It is an attack that uses a list of words to guess passwords until a correct password is identified.
It is an attack that uses a list of words and appends additional numbers or characters to each word until a correct password is identified.
It is an attack that uses precomputed values until a correct password is identified.
Question 82 0 / 1 point
The __________ are the agreed-on guidelines for a penetration test.
rules of engagement
project scope statements
service-level agreements (SLAs)
Question 83 1 / 1 point
The Network News Transport Protocol service uses port __________.
Question 84 1 / 1 point
A(n) __________ is the logical, not physical, component of a TCP connection.
Question 85 1 / 1 point
__________ reconnaissance is a hacker’s attempt to scout for or survey potential targets and then investigate the target using publicly available information.
Question 86 1 / 1 point
A __________, also called a packet analyzer, is a software program that can capture, log, and analyze protocol traffic over the network and decode its contents.
Question 87 1 / 1 point
__________ is, simply enough, looking through an organization’s trash for any discarded sensitive information.
Question 88 1 / 1 point
__________ is a secure method of posting data to the database.
Question 89 1 / 1 point
How do you defend against privilege escalation?
Use encryption to protect sensitive data.
Restrict the interactive logon privileges.
Run services as unprivileged accounts.
Run users and applications on the least privileges.
Question 90 1 / 1 point
When an ethical hacker uses nslookup, which protocol are they querying?
Question 91 1 / 1 point
Bluetooth-enabled devices communicate via short-range, ad hoc networks known as __________.
Question 92 1 / 1 point
The act of hiding data within or behind other data is known as __________.
Question 93 1 / 1 point
A __________ occurs when a connection between the target and host is in the established state, or in a stable state with no data transmission, or the server’s sequence number is not equal to the client’s acknowledgment number, or the client’s sequence number is not equal to the server’s acknowledgment number.
Question 94 1 / 1 point
__________ are software applications that run automated tasks over the Internet.
Question 95 1 / 1 point
Which of the following definitions best describes a wrapper?
A wrapper is a packet-crafting technique used to perform stealthy port scans.
A wrapper is an encryption tool used to hide messages inside image files.
A wrapper is a method of hiding a virus inside an executable file.
A wrapper is a tool used to bind a Trojan to a legitimate file.
Question 96 1 / 1 point
In a hit-and-run attack, __________.
the attacker constantly injects bad packets into the router
the attacker mistreats packets, resulting in traffic congestion
the attacker injects a few bad packets into the router
the attacker alters a single packet, resulting in denial of service
Question 97 1 / 1 point
__________ is a command-line TCP/IP packet assembler/analyzer.
Question 98 1 / 1 point
The __________ tool traces various application calls from Windows API functions to the Oracle Call Interface.
SQL Query Analyzer
Question 99 1 / 1 point
With the __________ tool, you can ping multiple IP addresses simultaneously.
Question 100 1 / 1 point
Attackers use a technique called __________ to exploit the system by pretending to be legitimate users or different systems.
Question 101 1 / 1 point
__________ is a Microsoft-proprietary protocol that authenticates users and computers based on an authentication challenge and response.
Question 102 1 / 1 point
__________ reconstructs a device’s Bluetooth PIN and link key from data sniffed during a pairing session.
Cabir and Mabir
Question 103 1 / 1 point
This type of port scanning technique splits a TCP header into several packets so that the packet filters cannot detect what the packets intend to do.
IP fragment scanning
inverse TCP flag scanning
ACK flag scanning
Question 104 1 / 1 point
__________ is an application that, when installed on a system, runs a background process that silently copies files from any USB flash drive connected to it.
USB Copy ’em all
Question 105 1 / 1 point
__________ is an application that identifies all Bluetooth-enabled devices, their communications, and their connectivity within a given area.
Question 106 1 / 1 point
__________ URLs, or intranets, are private links that only a company’s employees use.
Question 107 1 / 1 point
In Internet Explorer, the __________ zone is a security zone for sites that the user has designated as safe to visit.
Question 108 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is not a category of security assessment?
Question 109 1 / 1 point
A hacker has successfully used a tool to intercept communications between two entities and establish credentials with both sides of the connection. The two remote ends of the communication never notice that the attacker is relaying the information between the two. This is called a(n) __________ attack.
MAC poisoning attack
Question 110 1 / 1 point
__________ is a cable modem hacking program. It performs the task of uncapping by incorporating all the uncapping steps into one program.
Solar Winds MIB Browser
Question 111 1 / 1 point
Information on all Linux accounts is stored in the __________ and /etc/shadow files.
Question 112 1 / 1 point
Which type of penetration test is conducted with absolutely no prior knowledge of the target environment?
Question 113 1 / 1 point
Redirections for URLs are handled with the __________ URL handler, which can cause errors in older versions of Internet Explorer.
Question 114 1 / 1 point
Traceroute uses the __________ field in an IP packet to determine how long it takes to reach a target host and whether that host is reachable and active.
Question 115 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is not a Microsoft Internet Information Services vulnerability?
UFS integer overflow vulnerability
Question 116 1 / 1 point
Which of the following statements best describes the rules of engagement for a penetration test?
The rules of engagement are the systems that a tester can knock offline during a penetration test.
The rules of engagement are the agreed-upon guidelines for a penetration test, including desired code of conduct and procedures.
The rules of engagement define the service-level agreement and scope of a penetration test.
The rules of engagement include the insurance and risk management associated with third-party testing.
Question 117 1 / 1 point
The __________ service is responsible for sending a response packet that contains connection details to clients who send a specially formed request.
Question 118 1 / 1 point
The RFID __________ policy establishes the framework for many other security controls. It provides a vehicle for management to communicate its expectations regarding the RFID system and its security.
Question 119 1 / 1 point
A __________ is a set of related programs, usually located at a network gateway server, that protect the resources of a private network from other network users.
Question 120 1 / 1 point
While conducting an ethical penetration test in Europe, which Regional Internet Registry (RIR) would you use?
Question 121 1 / 1 point
__________ is a tool for performing automated attacks against web-enabled applications.
Question 122 1 / 1 point
If the supplied data does not fit within the size constraints of a single packet, the data is spread among multiple packets in a process known as __________.
Question 123 1 / 1 point
__________ is a nonvoice service available with most GSM networks.
Question 124 1 / 1 point
The information resource or asset that is being protected from attacks is usually called the __________.
target of evaluation
Question 125 1 / 1 point
__________ is an information service provider that helps law offices, government agencies, businesses, and individuals find information about people.
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