For pavan1001 only  Business & Finance homework help
Multiple Choice: Select the best response (2 points each). You may add comments to explain your reasoning.
1. Financial risk arises from
A. Debt use
B. Fixed operating costs
C. Cyclical revenues.
2. A ___ gives you the right to buy stock at a set price (exercise price) for a specific period of time.
A. Stock
B. Bond
C. Call
D. Put
3. Which factor(s) influence a firm’s business risk (and therefore, its asset beta)?
A. Cyclical revenues
B. Operating leverage
C. Both A and B influence business risk.
4. In a world with only corporate taxes, firm value is maximized by
A. All equity financing
B. All debt financing
C. A weighted average of debt and equity financing
D. Capital structure is irrelevant in this case
Short Answer Questions: You should be able to answer these in a sentence or two (Limit explanations to half page maximum). Questions are worth 5 points each.
1. Safety Stores has a company cost of capital of 8%. The riskfree rate is 4% and the return on the market is 12%. A new project has a beta of 2 and is expected to generate the following cash flows (all in millions):
Time 
0 
1 
2 
3 
IRR 
Cash Flow 
12 
8 
5 
3 

Should Safety accept the project? Explain.
2. An investor is attempting to select one of 4 investment opportunities selected below. Given the information supplied, can you eliminate any of the choices? If so, which ones and why?
Opportunity 
Expected Return 
Standard Deviation 
A 
10% 
.10 
B 
10% 
.20 
C 
25% 
.25 
D 
30% 
.25 
PROBLEMS:
For all problems, show you work and highlight your answer. Numbers in ( ) indicate how many points each item is worth. No credit will be given on problems without supporting work, even if the final answer is correct. Unless stated otherwise, interest is compounded annually and payments occur at the end of the period. Face value for bonds is $1000.
1. (15) Over the past 5 months, Cloak, Dagger and the Market had the following monthly returns:
MONTH 
Cloak 
Dagger 
Market 
January 
.04 
.08 
.02 
February 
.15 
.25 
.10 
March 
.21 
.16 
.05 
April 
.00 
.05 
.01 
May 
.18 
.14 
.10 
a. Calculate the return and standard deviation for Cloak and Dagger. Assume the observations are the population rather than a sample.
b. Calculate the correlation (coefficient) between Cloak and Dagger.
c. Dagger has a beta of 1.53. You invest equal amounts in Cloak and Dagger. Find the return, beta and the variance of the portfolio.
2. (7) Use BlackScholes to find the price for a call with 1 month to maturity. The exercise price is 47. The annual riskfree interest rate is 4%. The stock price closed at 45. The historic variance is .31. The stock does not pay dividends. NOTE: You can use the BlackScholes option worksheet to answer this problem.
3. (10) Cook Wares is an all equity firm. The tax rate is 30%. They have the following information on their stock:
Current EPS 
8 
Current Dividend 
6 
Return on Equity 
20% 
Current Price 
$50 
Calculate the weighted average cost of capital.
4. (15) You have estimated the financial statements for next year. You expect free cash flows to grow by 10% in Y2, 6% in Y3 and 4% on average thereafter. The cost of capital is estimated at 10%. Assume today is January of Y1.
a. Estimate the share price if there are 10M shares issued and outstanding.
b. You discover that Gravel is actually trading at $35 per share. Should you buy the stock? Explain.
GRAVEL: INCOME STATEMENT (M$)
Fiscal Year Ending 
Y0 (Actual) 
Y1 (Projected) 
Sales 
350 
450 
Cost of Goods Sold 
150 
200 
SG&A 
75 
75 
Depreciation 
25 
25 
Earnings Before Interest & Tax (EBIT) 
100 
150 
Interest Expense 
20 
25 
Earnings Before Tax 
80 
125 
Taxes (40%) 
32 
50 
Net Income 
48 
75 
Dividends 
8 
10 
Additions to Retained Earnings 
40 
65 
GRAVEL: BALANCE SHEET (M$)
Fiscal Year Ending 
Y0 (Actual) 
Y1 (Projected) 
Cash 
100 
150 
Accounts Receivable 
200 
250 
Inventories 
300 
350 
Net Fixed Assets 
1,000 
1,050 
TOTAL ASSETS 
1,600 
1,800 
Accruals 
50 
90 
Accounts Payable 
150 
195 
Long Term Debt 
250 
300 
Common Stock 
350 
350 
Retained Earnings 
800 
865 
Total Liability & Equity 
1,600 
1,800 
5. (10) Crawler is considering a new project that requires an investment of $90 million in machinery. This is expected to produce sales of $114 million per year for 4 years. Operating expenses are 70% of sales. Operating expenses do not include depreciation. The machinery will be fully depreciated to a zero book value over 4 years using straightline depreciation. The salvage value is $10 million. Working capital costs are negligible. The tax rate is 40%. The unlevered cost of capital (r_{u}) is 11%.
a) Calculate the basecase NPV.
b) Crawler plans to use $30,000,000 in bonds. The remaining funds will come from retained earnings. The bonds have a 4year life, a coupon rate of 6% and a yield of 6%. Use the adjusted present value (APV) to find the value of the project.
6. (15) Crow Corporation is planning a $200 million expansion to be financed with debt, preferred stock and common stock. Their target capital structure includes 20% debt and 5% preferred stock. The rest of the funds are from retained earnings. The tax rate is 40%.
a) Using the information below, calculate the weighted average cost of capital.
Bonds: Crow Corporation has bonds with 6 years to maturity and a face value of $1000. The coupon rate is 7.8% and coupons are paid semiannually. The bonds trade at $990 per bond.
Preferred Stock: Crow issues preferred stock with a $2.85 dividend per year. They are sold to the market at $27 per share, but issue costs are $2 per share.
Retained Earnings: The firm’s equity beta is .95. The riskfree return is 4% and the market risk premium is 10%.
b) The expansion is expected to produce cash flows of $48,000,000 every year for the next 6 years. Use the WACC to find the net present value (NPV). Should they expand? Explain.
7. (10) This is a world with NO TAXES (perfect capital markets). The firm is a no growth firm and pays out all of its earnings as dividends. It is originally all equity financed (unlevered). The firm decides to issue $500,000 in debt to repurchase stock. The cost of debt is 4%. Fill in ALL the missing values in the table.

Unlevered 
Levered 
EBIT 
200,000 
200,000 
INTEREST 
0 
20,000 
Earnings (Net Income) 
200,000 
180,000 
#Shares 
20,000 

r_{A} 
8% 
8% 
r_{E} 
8% 

EPS 
$10.00 

Price 


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