Mg 420 midterm exam solution

MG 420 Midterm Exam Solution

 

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(1) After having signed a contract with a binding arbitration clause in it, an

employer is legally bound to accept an arbitrator’s decision on a

particular issue even if they disagree with that decision

(2) The “labor problem” can be defined as undesirable outcomes created

out of an employment relationship which is inequitable, contentious, and

exploitive

(3) Conflicts between what employees want and what employers want are

generally resolved privately between the individual and his/her

employer

(4) The last step in the grievance process for nearly all union contracts in

both the public and private sector is usually:

A hearing before the NLRB

Mediation by the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service

A unilateral decision by management

Final and binding arbitration

(5) According to the Wagner Act (NLRA), if two employees walk off the job

and proceed to picket their employer’s place of business to protest

unsafe working conditions, the employer is not allowed to retaliate

against them (e.g., fire them)

(6) The first national labor unions began to develop in the 1850s, due in

part to:

the advent of the rail industry which made it easier for union leaders

to travel to various organizing points.

powerful labor leaders.

favorable legislation and courts that were friendly toward unions.

increasing emphasis on craft development

(7) When an employer allows supervisors to arbitrarily discipline employees

without cause, it is most directly violating which objective of the

employment relationship:

efficiency

equity

voice

none of the above are violated

(8) Bumping rights are a seniority provision in many union contracts which

allow workers with greater tenure at a company to take the jobs of

those with less seniority in the event of a layoff.

(9) The Great Uprising of 1877 was successful in improving labor relations

between workers and their employers. Shortly after the uprising

subsided, wages were increases and hours of work were decreased

(10) Job control unionism places a high degree of value on worker

participation in management decision making.

(11) In the mainstream economics school, the best protection employees

have against poor management practices is legislation guaranteeing

some basic rights in the workplace

(12) From a societal standpoint, the main purpose of a labor relations system

is:

To equalize the distribution of income across society

To ensure public safety, promote worker voice in politics, and reduce

income inequalities that create a tax burden

To control the actions of employers and employees so that they are

(13) Compared to other countries, the system of labor relations in the U.S. is

Loosely regulated

Tightly regulated

Similarly regulated

Unfairly regulated

(14) The Wagner Act of 1935 is grounded in which of the following principle

beliefs regarding conflict:

Conflict between management and labor is unnatural and should be

avoided at all costs.

Conflict between management and labor is inevitable and should be

resolved through collective bargaining by equal partners.

Conflict between management and labor is inevitable because of

class and social differences.

In most cases, there is little conflict between management and labor

and it is only in extreme cases where collective bargaining should be

necessary

(15) Local unions are governed by a president and ____________________

who are democratically elected.

(16)According to the critical industrial relations school, the cause of the labor problem is that the capitalistic class has control over both society’s

institutions and the means of production

(17) In return for employee rights guaranteed in the union contract, union

employees agree to all of the following except to:

Abide by the employer’s work rules

Follow supervisor’s directions

Refrain from striking over grievances

Refrain from criticizing the organization or its management

(18) The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was designed to outlaw monopolies

and prevent their economic dominance over markets and over society.

(19) The first step in a typical grievance procedure is

____________________.

(20) Most employers that have a unionized workforce:

(21) When workplace disputes arise in a unionized setting, employees are

expected to pursue their concerns through a formal grievance procedure

rather than through a strike.

(22) An airline negotiates separate contracts for the pilots, mechanics, and

flight attendants. Each group of employees is represented by its own

union that organizes only that particular occupation. This model of

unionism is best described as:

(23) Which school believes that the class or ideology that has the greatest

power in society can design and control institutions to serve their own

interest?

(24) Job control unionism developed as a response to rigid managerial control and arbitrary decision-making that was common in mass production settings during much of the 20th century.

(25) A collective bargaining agreement negotiated between an employer and

its workers is an informal agreement outlining the terms and conditions

of employment

(26) The Knights of Labor was a militant union that advocated the use of

strikes and boycotts as weapons that would force management to

concede to their demands.

(27) According to the human resources school of thought, the labor problem

stems from.

(28) Injunctions were applied to yellow dog contracts.

(29) Which of the following best summarizes the trends in U.S. union density

since the 1980s?

(30) The Wagner Act (NLRA) makes it illegal for an employer to designate a

representative of the employees in negotiations over wages, hours, and

working conditions.

(31) According to the industrial relations school, market imperfections create

a significant imbalance of power to the point that employers can

exercise a vast degree of control and influence over their employees

(32) The first U.S. labor unions were organized by

(33) What legislation created a national minimum wage, mandatory overtime

premium for qualified workers, and restrictions on child labor?

(34) In the ____________________ model of representation, a union is like

an insurance company, where workers pay dues and are in turn

protected against bad times.

(35) Just cause discipline and discharge, seniority rights, compensation, and

grievance procedures are all examples of ____________________

granted in contracts.

(36 ) According to the mainstream economics school, the role of the

government is to protect individual worker rights through legislation

such as minimum wage laws, safety and health laws, and income

protection benefits (e.g., unemployment compensation)

(37) Under the provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act, supervisors are protected

from being fired if they want to unionize

(38) Which of the following outcomes cannot generally be attributed to

unions:

(39) The organizing model of unionization sees unions as a collection of

empowered workers who are involved in decision making and union

activism.

(40) Businesses’ pursuit of efficiency is usually compatible with its employees’

pursuit of equity and voice in the workplace

41.

Question :

It has been argued that demand for services traditionally provided for by

unions has declined over time due to:

Student Answer:

Laws prohibiting unions from providing the same services that they

used to provide

Unions placing too much emphasis on organizing new members

instead of representing the interests of those they already have

Substitution of union services by enlightened employer practices and

protective legislation

The perception that unions and management are too “tight” and are

more interested in protecting each other than they are in protecting

union workers

Instructor Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 1, p. 16

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

42.

Question :

Shop stewards are company employees that provide advice to union

workers on matters such as interpretation of the contract and their

rights in the workplace.

Student

Answer:

True

False

Instructor

Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 9, p. 309

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

43.

Question :

According to the mainstream economics school of thought, the Wagner

Act of 1935:

Student Answer:

Encouraged conflict to develop between management and labor.

Could not adequately challenge the power of management.

Viewed as harmful protection of monopoly labor.

Was benign in its effect and would not significantly change labor-

management relations.

Instructor Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 4, p. 119 Last paragraph

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

44.

Question :

Employee empowerment unionism is focused on developing standardized

outcomes for workers within the same occupation.

Student

Answer:

True

False

Instructor

Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 5, p. 158

Student Gradebook Exam

https://takeexam.next.ecollege.com/

871&examId=54838772&digest=D41Cq8Twr7fWAOl5VmJLGevWaSKeEqJGsCngoKVrGcU%253d&

[4/14/2014 2:42:37 PM]

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

45.

Question :

According to the industrial relations perspective, low wages, long hours,

dangerous working conditions, and abusive supervisory practices is most

likely attributed to:

Student Answer:

Market failure

An imbalance of bargaining power between employers and workers

Bad management practices

Permanent exploitation of the working class

Instructor Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 2, p. 35

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

46.

Question :

According to the industrial relations school, the role of the government

and legislation should be to:

Student Answer:

Ensure that labor markets are competitive.

Stay out of labor markets completely.

Ensure that labor and management’s relative power is balanced.

Regulate wages, hours and working conditions to ensure that they

are fair to workers.

Instructor Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 2, p. 36 Paragraph 2

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

47.

Question :

Mass manufacturing can be at least partially blamed for the labor

problems that existed in the early 20th century U.S. labor markets.

Student

Answer:

True

False

Instructor

Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 2, p. 30

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

48.

Question :

Traditional U.S. union contracts provide strict guidelines, but are not

legally-enforceable in the United States.

Student

Answer:

True

False

Instructor

Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 9, p. 302

Points Received:

2 of 2

49.

Question :

In the 1920’s many employers who followed the human resources school

of thought believed that nonunion representation plans were:

Student Answer:

unnecessary if management was exercising good human resources

a threat to management’s decision-making authority

helpful in promoting mutual respect, cooperation and loyalty

vital to protecting worker rights and interests

Instructor Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 2, p. 35

Points Received:

2 of 2

Comments:

50.

Question :

Contract administration is a term used to describe interpreting, applying

and resolving conflicts pertaining to collective bargaining agreements.

Student

Answer:

True

False

Instructor

Explanation:

Instructor Explanation: Ch. 9, p. 302 Paragraph 1

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